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Beckman Coulter 33830 Access Total T3, 100 Determinations


Analyzer Series: Access Analyzer Series
Brand: Beckman Coulter
Manufacturer SKU: 33830
Package Size: 2 x 50 Tests
Test Type: Thyroid / Metabolic Assay
Test Name: Total Triiodothyronine (T3)
Analyzer Type: Hematology Analayzer
SKU: 33830 Category:


Beckman Coulter 33830 Access Total T3 Specifications:

  • Brand: Access
  • Manufacturer: Beckman Coulter 33830
  • Country of Origin: United States
  • Application: Reagent
  • Number of Tests: 100 Test
  • Storage Requirements: Requires Refrigeration
  • Test Name: Total Triiodothyronine (3)
  • Test Type: Thyroid / Metabolic Assay
Beckman Coulter 33830 Access Total T3: INTENDED USE

The Access Total T3 assay is a paramagnetic particle, chemiluminescent immunoassay for the quantitative determination of triiodothyronine levels in human serum and plasma using the Access Immunoassay Systems.

Beckman Coulter 33830 Access Total T3: SUMMARY AND EXPLANATION

The concentrations of thyroid hormones, and the degree of their biological effect, are controlled by the hypothalamo-hypophyseal-thyroid axis. Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone (TRH or TRF) is released by the hypothalamus in response to circulating concentrations of free thyroid hormones.

TRH travels from the hypothalamus to the adenohypophysis (anterior pituitary) via a portal blood system where it initiates an intracellular cascade of events which result in the production and release of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (hTSH or Thyrotropin). The target organ for hTSH is the thyroid gland where it binds its receptor and elicits its response via an adenylate cyclase second messenger system.

Beckman Coulter 33830 Access Total T3: Thyroid gland response

The response of the thyroid gland to hTSH stimulation includes the synthesis, storage, secretion and metabolism of tetraiodo-thyronine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). More than 99% of the total concentration of T3 and T4 is bound by serum proteins, which is not available to elicit biological activity. It is only the free fraction (less than 1%) which is readily available to bind its receptor, and stimulate a response from the target organ or tissues.In euthyroid individuals, only a small proportion (20%) of the total concentration of T3 in the systemic circulation (serum) comes from direct secretion from the thyroid gland proper.

The remaining fraction of total T3 is derived from enzymatic monodeiodination of T4 to T3 by the peripheral tissues. The T3 molecule is the only thyroid hormone that appears to have any intrinsic biological activity, that is, the biological activity of T4 comes about only after monodeiodination to T3.

Beckman Coulter 33830 Access Total T3: peripheral deiodinases activity

The activity of these peripheral deiodinases is under strict control. This can be seen in developing hypothyroidism where conversion of T4 to T3 increases in a compensatory fashion to the developing hypo-thyroxinemia in an attempt to maintain normal concentrations of the biologically active T3. During long periods of stimulation of the thyroid gland by thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins (Grave’s disease), the thyroid gland will secrete large quantities of T3, which significantly increase the T3/T4 ratio when compared to the euthyroid state.

The clinical importance of total serum T3 determination is in the diagnosis of thyroid disorders. Elevated concentrations of T3 can be found in Grave’s disease, and most other classical causes of hyperthyroidism. Decreased concentrations occur in primary hypothyroid diseases such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and neonatal hypothyroidism or secondary hypothyroidism due to defects at the hypothalamo-hypophyseal level.